We provide a wide variety of Robots that can be imported into the Simulator.

Agent Name DOF Information Controller
Mujoco Ant 8 OpenAI Link Torque
Mujoco Humanoid 17 OpenAI Link Torque
Husky Robot 4 ROS, Manufacturer Torque, Velocity, Position
Minitaur Robot 8 Robot Page, Manufacturer Sine Controller
Quadrotor 6 Paper Torque
TurtleBot 2 ROS, Manufacturer Torque, Velocity, Position, Differential Drive
Freight 2 Fetch Robotics Link Torque, Velocity, Position, Differential Drive
Fetch 10 Fetch Robotics Link Torque, Velocity, Position, Differential Drive
JackRabbot 2 & 7 Stanford Project Link Torque, Velocity, Position, Differential Drive
LocoBot 2 ROS, Manufacturer Torque, Velocity, Position, Differential Drive

Typically, these robot classes take in the URDF file or MuJoCo XML file of an robot (in igibson.assets_path) and provide a load function that be invoked externally (usually by import_robot of Simulator). The load function imports the robot into PyBullet.

All robot clases inherit LocomotorRobot. Some useful functions are worth pointing out:

  • {get/set}_{position/orientation/rpy/linear_velocity/angular_velocity}: get and set the physical states of the robot base

  • apply_robot_action: set motor control for each of the controllable joints. It currently supports four modes of control: joint torque, velocity, position, and differential drive for two-wheeled robots

  • calc_state: compute robot states that might be useful for external applications

  • robot_specific_reset: reset the robot joint states to their default value, particularly useful for mobile manipulators. For instance, Fetch.robot_specific_reset() will reset the robot to be something like this:


Here are some details about how we perform motor control for robots:

  • Say the robot uses joint velocity control self.control == 'velocity'

  • We assume the external user (say an RL agent) will call apply_action with policy_action that is always between -1 and 1.

  • policy_action will be scaled to robot_action by policy_action_to_robot_action based on the action space. The action space is set by config['velocity'] in the YAML config file

  • robot_action will be applied by apply_robot_action, which internally executes the following:

def apply_robot_action(action):
    for n, j in enumerate(self.ordered_joints):
        j.set_motor_velocity(self.velocity_coef * j.max_velocity * float(np.clip(action[n], -1, +1)))

Note that robot_action is a normalized joint velocity, i.e. robot_action[n] == 1.0 means executing the maximum joint velocity for the nth joint. The limits of joint position, velocity and torque are extracted from the URDF file of the robot.

Most of the code can be found here: igibson/robots.


In this example, we import four different robots into PyBullet. We keep them still for around 10 seconds and then move them with small random actions for another 10 seconds. The code can be found here: igibson/examples/demo/

from igibson.robots.locobot_robot import Locobot
from igibson.robots.turtlebot_robot import Turtlebot
from igibson.robots.jr2_kinova_robot import JR2_Kinova
from igibson.robots.fetch_robot import Fetch
from igibson.utils.utils import parse_config
import os
import time
import numpy as np
import pybullet as p
import pybullet_data
import igibson

def main():
    p.setGravity(0, 0, -9.8)

    floor = os.path.join(pybullet_data.getDataPath(), "mjcf/ground_plane.xml")

    robots = []
    config = parse_config(os.path.join(igibson.example_config_path, 'fetch_reaching.yaml'))
    fetch = Fetch(config)

    config = parse_config(os.path.join(igibson.example_config_path,'jr_reaching.yaml'))
    jr = JR2_Kinova(config)

    config = parse_config(os.path.join(igibson.example_config_path, 'locobot_point_nav.yaml'))
    locobot = Locobot(config)

    config = parse_config(os.path.join(igibson.example_config_path, 'turtlebot_point_nav.yaml'))
    turtlebot = Turtlebot(config)

    positions = [
        [0, 0, 0],
        [1, 0, 0],
        [0, 1, 0],
        [1, 1, 0]

    for robot, position in zip(robots, positions):

    for _ in range(2400):  # keep still for 10 seconds

    for _ in range(2400):  # move with small random actions for 10 seconds
        for robot, position in zip(robots, positions):
            action = np.random.uniform(-1, 1, robot.action_dim)


if __name__ == '__main__':

The four robots will have a fun cocktail party like this: robot